Persian cats are considered to be one of the most glamorous of all the cat breeds. They are thought to have existed since ancient times but their documented history is a little vague. They came into popularity during the Victorian era. Persian cats are quite beautiful and have always been bred to have a round head, short face, snub nose and chubby cheeks but contemporary, extreme selective breeding to get the flat faced features now gives these sweethearts a grumpy and mad looking face even when they aren’t. You can see quite a few grumpy cat memes everywhere these days depicting Grumpy Cat- a comically mad looking Persian cat. The Traditional Persian also called Doll Face Persian does not have the flat face features that makes them look mad and grumpy. The nose is a normal length, giving the cat a sweet adorable expression.
This is what they originally looked like before extreme selective breeding for the flat face features became popular with breeders and the Cat Fancy Association (CFA). It should be noted that the Traditional Persian is more popular with the general public and the flat faced features are what breeders and the CFA are pushing for not the general public. The extreme breeding to get the flat face features causes a lot of health problems including polycystic kidney disease, which affects up to 50% of this breed in some countries.
Himalayan cats are cross between the Persian and Siamese cats to get the physical features of the Persian but the coloring of the Siamese. For a while they were classified as their own breed but in 2004 they got re-classified as a Persian.
The Exotic Shorthair is an cross between the American Shorthair and the Persian. It has a lot of the same physical features and the temperament of the Persian but with shorter hair. The easier to manage coat has caused some people to refer to the Exotic Shorthair as the lazy person’s Persian. A long hair Persian’s coat requires daily grooming making it a high maintenance cat in this regard.
The temperament of the Persian cat is the polar opposite of the Bengal cat. Where the Bengal is quite the curious, active, and often naughty handful, the Persian cat loves to just lounge around making them great indoor cats. They have a soft, gentle temperament, are quite cuddly and prefer a serene environment. Even though you see a lot of the infamous Grumpy Cat memes everywhere these days they only look mad and grumpy all the time because of extreme breeding causing exaggerated physical facial features but they are actually the quintessential loving lap cat.
Check out this video of Persian Cat facts brought to you by Animal Planet